2017 Flight Crew Recency Requirements
Self-Paced Study Program


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Please be prepared to spend 30 minutes to one hour to complete this test.

Refer to paragraph 421.05(2)(d) of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs).

Completion of this questionnaire satisfies the 24-month recurrent training program requirements of CAR 401.05(2)(a). It is to be retained by the pilot.

All pilots are to answer questions 1 to 33. In addition, aeroplane and ultra-light aeroplane pilots are to answer questions 34 and 35; helicopter pilots are to answer questions 36 and 37; glider pilots are to answer questions 38 and 39; gyroplane pilots are to answer questions 40 and 41; and balloon pilots are to answer questions 42 and 43.

Note: References are provided for each question. Many answers may be found in the Transport Canada Aeronautical Information Manual (TC AIM). Some of the material is now found in the AIP Canada (ICAO). Amendments to that publication may result in changes to answers and/or references. The TC AIM is available on-line at: www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/publications/tp14371-menu-3092.htm. AIP Canada (ICAO) is available online at http://www.navcanada.ca/EN/products-and-services/Pages/AIP.aspx.

Please enter your full Name (First and Last)

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Please select the aircraft you are rated for and for which you are doing the recency:

COM 1.11

In a communications check, a 3 on the readability scale and a 2 on the strength scale mean and .

COM 1.12.1

The first transmission of a distress call and message by an aircraft should be on the air-ground frequency .

COM 1.15

Before using a phone to contact air traffic services (ATS) in the event of an in-flight communications failure, you should and squawk code .

COM 5.11

Can visual flight rules (VFR) global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receivers be used to replace current charts?

COM 8.2 and RAC 2.8

Transponder airspace consists of all Class airspace and any Class airspace specified as transponder airspace in the Designated Airspace Handbook.

MET 4.11

Decode the graphic area forecast (GFA) clouds and weather chart below.

MET 2.1

In the pilot weather report (PIREP) below, what altitude was the reporting aircraft located at?

MET 8.5.4

In an automated aerodrome routine meteorological report (METAR AUTO), what is the meaning of five forward slashes (/////) placed in the wind field?

MET 8.3

In the special report (SPECI) below, what is the meaning of 140V210?

MET 7.4

In the aerodrome forecast (TAF) below, what is the lowest ceiling forecast for CYVR?

MET 7.4

In the TAF below, during which time periods could you expect mist?

MET 7.4

In the TAF below, what visibility could you expect from 0800Z to 1600Z on the 3rd?

RAC 2.7.3 [Table 2.2] and CAR 602.115

In uncontrolled airspace below 1 000 ft AGL, the minimum day VFR flight visibility is and the minimum distance from cloud is .

RAC 2.8.3 and 2.8.4

Before entering Class C airspace, VFR flights require , and before entering Class D airspace, VFR flights must .

RAC 3.2

Pilot briefing services are available at the following telephone number . Bilingual pilot briefing services are available at the following telephone number .

RAC 3.6.1

Except where the flight is conducted within NM of the departure aerodrome, no pilot-in-command shall operate an aircraft in VFR flight unless has been filed.

RAC 3.12.2

The closure of a flight plan or flight itinerary prior to landing is considered filing an arrival report and, as such, it will result in .

RAC 4.5.1

At uncontrolled aerodromes without a published mandatory frequency (MF) or aerodrome traffic frequency (ATF), the common frequency for the broadcast of aircraft position and the intention of pilots flying in the vicinity of that aerodrome is MHz.

RAC 4.5.6 and RAC 5.1

Pilots operating VFR en route in uncontrolled airspace or VFR on an airway should continuously monitor MHz when not communicating on an MF or ATF.

RAC 4.5.7

Where possible, pilots are required to report at least min prior to entering an MF or ATF area.

RAC 4.5.7

In addition to reporting aircraft position, what action should a pilot take when arriving at an uncontrolled aerodrome with an MF or ATF?

RAC 5.1

Pilots operating VFR en route are encouraged to make position reports on the appropriate frequency to a flight information centre (FIC) where they are recorded and immediately available in the event of .

RAC 5.4

Wire strikes account for a significant number of low-flying accidents. A number of these accidents occur over terrain, in weather and at altitudes.

SAR 3.5

If you have landed short of your destination for reasons other than an emergency and you are unable to advise ATC of your situation, a search will be initiated after the estimated time of arrival (ETA) filed on your flight plan or, in the case of a flight itinerary, .

SAR 3.5

If your flight is interrupted due to bad weather and you cannot contact an ATS unit, you should attempt to contact another aircraft on one of the following frequencies in order to have that aircraft relay the information to ATS:
a) ;
b) ;
c) ;
d) ; or
e) .


In the NOTAM below, when is the blasting expected to end?

MAP 3.6.2

What is the significance of the term “APRX” in the NOTAM below?

AIR 3.1

While flying an aircraft, a pilot must not have any condition that impairs , reaction time or .

AIR 3.7

Give an example where the organs of balance in the inner ear could give rise to dangerously false information in the air when the horizon is not visible?

AIP Canada (ICAO) GEN 1.5.1

AIP Canada (ICAO) GEN 1.5.1 describes survival in sparsely settled areas of Canada. According to Table 1.5.1—Survival Equipment, Rule: Make Fire, what are the four pieces of recommended equipment?

AIP Canada (ICAO) ENR 5.6.7

To preserve the natural environment of national, provincial, and municipal parks, reserves, and refuges, and to minimize the disturbance to the natural habitat, overflights of these areas should not be conducted below .


Find a copy of the Canada Flight Supplement (CFS) and go to the Planning section (section C). In “VFR Chart Updating Data,” read the information on Conservation, Hazards to Aircraft Operations, and Air Traffic Advisory Frequencies in your region of Canada. (CFS)
Record one of the topic names here:

NAV Canada Website

Go to the NAV CANADA Web site and familiarize yourself with the AICs and AIP Canada (ICAO) Supplements available at http://www.navcanada.ca/EN/products-and-services/Pages/AIP-current.aspx.

Record the most recent AIC number here:

RAC 3.5.8; CFS General section, Fuel and oil weights

How many litres is 100 lb of AVGAS at 15° C? .
Your aircraft burns 6 U.S. gal. per hour, how long can you fly on 100 lb?

AIR 1.6.5

Hydroplaning is a function of water depth, , and .

TSB Website

Visit the Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) Web site at http://www.tsb.gc.ca/eng/rapports-reports/aviation/ and search for TSB aviation investigation report A11Q0168. Under Findings as to causes and contributing factors, the reports says the following:
“The pilot had few during the night flight.”
“The pilot probably lost control of the aircraft shortly after take-off due to .”

TSB Website

Visit the Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) Web site at http://www.tsb.gc.ca/eng/rapports-reports/aviation/ and search for TSB aviation investigation report A13W0070. The report mentions the following statement under Unanticipated yaw or loss of tail rotor effectiveness: “Loss of tail rotor effectiveness (LTE) is not related to an equipment or maintenance malfunction, and may occur in helicopters at airspeeds less than knots.”

Glider References

When flying along a ridge, which direction should you turn to reverse course?

COM 8.4

Pilots of gliders that are equipped with a transponder should adjust the transponder to reply on Mode A, Code at all times, unless by ATC.

Gyroplane References

What kind of manoeuvre or path dangerously lowers the air flow passing through the rotor and causes the rotor revolutions per minute (RPM) to decrease quickly?

Gyroplane References

What can happen during a roll at excessive speed or with gusty winds?

Balloon References

Should power line contact become inevitable, what is the best action for a balloonist to take?

CAR 602.13(3)

To launch a 120-ft balloon within a built-up area, the diameter of the launch site must be no less than .